A smile is your crowning glory. Dental crowns restore teeth to their original shape and size. They will improve the tooth’s appearance and make it stronger. When a tooth has a large filling, the crown is often used to ensure the filling stays in place. This is true of teeth that have a tiny bit of the original tooth left. When teeth are badly discolored or misshapen, a crown is an excellent option that an experienced dentist can give to their patient.
The crown is a cover that goes over the tooth. It improves your ability to chew and makes your smile brighter. Crowns are cemented into place, and they fully encase the visible area of the tooth just above the gum’s line. They can protect a tooth that is weak from decay. They also are used to help teeth that need to be held together from damage. They are often the first choice for supporting a larger filling or to hold a dental bridge in place. This is one of the foremost types of restorative dentistry.
What Types of Crowns Are Available?
There are many different materials that are used to make crowns. Most experienced dentists prefer the porcelain style. There is also stainless steel, gold, resin, or all ceramic. There are two types of porcelain crowns that are utilized in the dental field. First, the porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns are made to match adjacent teeth. This is not possible with the metallic crowns. Conversely, wearing down of the contrasting teeth happens more often with this crown type than with those of a metal or resin base. The porcelain-fused crowns are the most natural looking. However, occasionally the metal core of the porcelain can show at the top of the gums as a discolored spot. Porcelain is great for front or back teeth.
The all-porcelain crown provides an excellent natural match, and it is perfect for those who have allergies to metal. Though they are not as strong as the porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns, they are an excellent choice for front teeth.
The Crown Installation Process
Preparing to have a crown installed usually takes two trips to the dental office. First, the area is prepared and the tooth is made ready. On the second visit, the crown is installed. During the first visit, x-rays are taken and the roots of the tooth checked. The surrounding bone is also examined to see if there are any issues. If the tooth’s decay is extensive, a root canal may need to be performed first.
The experienced dentist numbs the gum line and files down the chewing surface. If a cavity needs to be filled, this will be taken care of first. The dentist will use putty to make an impression of the tooth, and the crown will be made with your bite in mind. Impressions are sent to a lab, and the crown will be manufactured. It often takes a couple weeks to get the piece back to the office. A temporary crown is made to cover and protect the structure while the permanent one is being made. Once the crown is received, it will be installed using cement.
What Problems Could Develop With a Dental Crown?
There are not many problems with crowns. However, when they are first installed, the tooth will be sensitive when the anesthesia wears off. This is especially true of teeth that still have some nerve left in them. If there is a pain when you bite down, the crown has been placed too high on the tooth and needs to be fixed. Rarely the crown can chip or come loose. A broken or loose crown needs to be fixed immediately. It allows bacteria to seep into the gum lines, and it can cause decay to the remainder of the tooth. They are pretty straightforward, which is why it is one of the foremost types of restorative dentistry available.